Image for post
Image for post

You can be anything you want to be when you grow up!

Say the stem cells as they are a special type of cells that have a remarkable potential to renew themselves and an ability to differentiate into specific cell types. With their capability to regenerate and repair tissues, studies are conducted on its sources of origin, modes of differentiation, biological and chemical features and possible applications in the hope of finding a solution to some unsolvable issues regarding human health and medicine.

Two major characteristics are considered essential for a cell to be categorized under stem cells. One is…


Sekine, Andre Perez, Olga Rivera, Kristoffer, Jean-Baptiste, Annika Olsson, Sian, Habiba Kamal, Gordana Bogdanovic , Sandra Muschiol, David, Tobias Kammann, Johanna, Tiphaine Parrot, Elin Folkesson (2020)

Summarised by: Liping Wang

Image for post
Image for post

Original article: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0092867420310084?via%3Dihub

The clinical symptoms of COVID-19 can be quite different between individuals; the mortality is high among aging individuals while most people are prone to be asymptomatic or develop mild symptoms. The question then arises whether people with mild symptoms or in a convalescent phase can develop robust immunity against SARS-CoV-2 to help prevent re-infection. Memory T cells play important roles in creating helper and cytotoxic T cells…


Image for post
Image for post

What is gene therapy?

The average human body consists of trillions of small building blocks called cells. Within each of these cells, there are numerous genes. Genes contain the necessary genetic information to govern our bodily functions; As an example, a particular gene carries this unique “code” that is needed for the synthesis of this specific protein, which in turn exerts its defined biological role. The “code” that is the specific DNA sequence of the gene, can undergo alterations as a result of exposure to mutagens or due to the occurrence of spontaneous errors during replication. …


Image for post
Image for post

What are the oil spills?

Oil spills occur when large quantities of petroleum hydrocarbons leak into the environment from storage tanks, pipelines, non-suitable waste disposal practices, and leaching from landfills. Mainly they occur during shipping, offshore and onshore exploration and production and transportation. However, more than 90% of the oil pollution incidents are triggered by either natural causes such as runoff from land-based sources, or anthropogenic sources (not necessarily accidents) such as normal ship operation and tank washing.

Effects of oil spills

The costs of these environmental disasters are incalculable and can influence wildlife and human health. Marine oil spills…


Image for post
Image for post

The human body is an intricate system and it is truly amazing to ponder how it overcomes the constant flow of challenges concerning its survival. The immune system plays a pivotal role in this aspect, especially dealing with destructive challenges to preserve the corporal health and wellbeing. Every single part of the body is tightly guarded by this immune system, defending the body from harmful stimuli. There are instances though, this protective wall fails, allowing a window of opportunity for external or internal disease-causing pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, and parasites to infiltrate into the body. One such type of…


Image for post
Image for post

Statistics is collecting, analysing, interpreting, and presenting data that you have collected throughout the years. This is crucial because it allows us to understand the study more deeply and assess it critically while adding credibility to how you validated your hypothesis. The development of statistics goes beyond the 17th century. It was inspired by the need to make sense of a large amount of data. Today, the field of statistics is armed with more sophisticated tools that we can apply to almost all scenarios to analyse our research data. Since statistics is highly interdisciplinary, you can apply these statistical tools…


Jackson, L.A., Anderson, E.J., Rouphael, N.G., Roberts, P.C., Makhene, M., Coler, R.N., McCullough, M.P., Chappell, J.D., Denison, M.R., Stevens, L.J. and Pruijssers, A.J. (2020)

Summarised by Naemi Shahipeni.

Image for post
Image for post

An mRNA Vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 — Preliminary Report

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus virus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), also known as 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) was first reported in Wuhan, China in 2019. The virus spread globally, affecting millions of people worldwide. The virus causes COVID-19, a disease affecting the lower respiratory tract with a dry cough, fever, and difficulty in breathing being some of the most common signs, as well as respiratory failure and/or…


Yinxing Zhu, Ruifang Wang, Luyao Yu, Huimin Sun, Shan Tian, Peng Li, Meilin Jin, Huanchun Chen, Wenjun Ma and Hongbo Zhou (2020)

Summarised by: Liping Wang.

Image for post
Image for post

Human TRA2A determines influenza A virus host adaptation by regulating viral mRNA splicing

Influenza viruses can quickly adapt and evade the host immune system, which has always been of great concern to prevent potential influenza outbreaks. To overcome this, in addition to studying the virus, scientists are also focusing on the host factors that are important for influenza virus replication. …

Benzyme Ventures

To empower next-generation scientists and Biotech entrepreneurs

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store